When it comes to planning for the future, one of the most important aspects to consider is your pension. A pension is a retirement plan that provides a source of income for individuals once they reach a certain age. There are several different types of pension schemes available, each with its own unique features and benefits.
One type of pension scheme is the defined benefit scheme, also known as a final salary scheme. This type of pension provides a guaranteed income in retirement based on factors such as salary and years of service. The amount of pension received is usually calculated as a percentage of the member’s final salary.
Another type of pension scheme is the defined contribution scheme, also known as a money purchase scheme. With this type of scheme, the amount of pension received in retirement is based on the contributions made throughout a person’s working life, as well as the performance of the investments made with those contributions.
There are also hybrid schemes, which combine features of both defined benefit and defined contribution schemes. These schemes may offer a guaranteed income in retirement, but also provide members with the option to make additional contributions to increase their pension pot.
It’s important to consider your own financial situation and goals when choosing a pension scheme. Whether you opt for a defined benefit, defined contribution, or hybrid scheme, it’s crucial to start saving for retirement as early as possible to ensure a comfortable future.
State Pension Scheme
The State Pension Scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available to individuals. It is a government-funded retirement plan that provides financial support to eligible individuals during their retirement years.
Under the State Pension Scheme, the amount of pension a person receives is based on their National Insurance contributions throughout their working life. The scheme is designed to ensure that individuals have a basic level of income to live on in their old age.
Eligibility for the State Pension Scheme is determined by factors such as age, residency, and the number of National Insurance contributions made. The retirement age for the State Pension varies depending on the individual’s date of birth.
Once eligible, individuals can start receiving their State Pension payments. The amount of pension received may be adjusted based on factors such as inflation and changes in government policy.
It’s important for individuals to consider the State Pension Scheme as part of their overall retirement planning. While it provides a basic income, it may not be enough to cover all expenses during retirement. Therefore, individuals may consider additional pension schemes or personal savings to supplement their State Pension.
Understanding the State Pension Scheme and its requirements is crucial for individuals to plan for their financial security in retirement.
Occupational Pension Scheme
An occupational pension scheme is a type of pension scheme that is set up by an employer for its employees. It is also known as an employer-sponsored pension scheme. This type of pension scheme is typically offered as part of an employee’s benefits package.
In an occupational pension scheme, contributions to the pension fund are made by both the employer and the employee. These contributions are invested and eventually used to provide retirement income to the employee.
There are different types of occupational pension schemes, including defined benefit and defined contribution schemes. In a defined benefit scheme, the employee’s retirement income is based on a formula that takes into account factors such as the employee’s salary and years of service. The employer is responsible for providing the promised retirement benefits. In a defined contribution scheme, the employee’s retirement income is based on the contributions made and the investment returns earned on those contributions. The employee bears the investment risk.
An occupational pension scheme provides employees with the opportunity to save for retirement and secure a source of income in their old age. It offers certain tax advantages, such as tax relief on contributions and tax-free growth of investments. Occupational pension schemes play an important role in helping employees plan for their financial future and ensure a comfortable retirement.
|– Tax advantages
|– Limited control over investments
|– Employer contributions
|– Possible lack of portability
|– Retirement income security
|– Restrictions on accessing funds
|– Automatic enrollment in some cases
|– Dependency on employer
Personal Pension Scheme
A personal pension scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available to individuals. This scheme is designed for individuals who do not have access to a workplace pension or who prefer to have their own private pension plan.
With a personal pension scheme, individuals can make contributions towards their pension pot on a regular basis. These contributions are invested in various financial products such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, with the goal of growing the pension fund over time.
|Flexibility: Individuals have control over how much they contribute and when they contribute to their personal pension scheme.
|Lack of employer contributions: Unlike workplace pension schemes, personal pension schemes do not have the advantage of employer contributions, which can significantly boost the pension fund.
|Portability: Personal pension schemes are portable, meaning that individuals can continue to contribute to their scheme even if they change jobs or become self-employed.
|Investment risk: The performance of the pension fund depends on the investments chosen, which can carry some level of risk. Individuals must carefully consider their investment options.
|Tax advantages: Contributions to a personal pension scheme are eligible for tax relief, which can provide individuals with a valuable tax benefit.
|Administration and management: Individuals are responsible for managing their personal pension scheme, which can require additional time and effort.
Overall, a personal pension scheme provides individuals with the flexibility and control to save for their retirement on their own terms. However, it is important for individuals to carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages of this scheme and seek professional financial advice if needed.
Defined Benefit Pension Scheme
A defined benefit pension scheme is a type of pension scheme where the pension benefits are based on a formula that takes into account the employee’s salary and years of service. This means that the employee receives a guaranteed pension amount upon retirement, regardless of investment returns or other factors.
Under this scheme, the employer takes on the investment risks and is responsible for funding the pension benefits. They contribute to the scheme based on actuarial calculations to ensure that there are enough funds to meet the pension obligations.
One advantage of a defined benefit pension scheme is that it provides a predictable and secure retirement income for employees. Since the pension benefits are based on a formula, employees can plan and budget accordingly.
However, these schemes can be costly for employers, as they are responsible for funding the pension benefits. They may also be subject to strict regulations and reporting requirements to ensure the financial stability of the scheme.
Overall, a defined benefit pension scheme offers a reliable and guaranteed retirement income for employees, but it comes with financial obligations for employers.
Defined Contribution Pension Scheme
A defined contribution pension scheme is a type of pension scheme where the contributions made by both the employer and the employee are defined, but the final pension amount is not. The contributions are typically a fixed percentage of the employee’s salary and are regularly deducted from their paycheck.
In a defined contribution pension scheme, the funds that are contributed by both the employer and the employee are invested in various types of assets such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. The performance of these investments will determine the final pension amount.
One of the key features of a defined contribution pension scheme is that the risk lies with the employee. The employee bears the investment risk, as the final pension amount will depend on the returns generated by the investments. If the investments perform well, the employee’s pension amount will be higher. However, if the investments perform poorly, the employee’s pension amount will be lower.
Another feature of a defined contribution pension scheme is that the employee has some flexibility and control over their pension investments. They can choose from a range of investment options offered by the scheme, such as aggressive growth funds, balanced funds, or conservative funds. This allows employees to tailor their pension investments based on their risk tolerance and investment goals.
When it comes time to retire, the employee can usually choose how they want to receive their pension. They may opt to take a lump sum payment or receive regular pension payments over a period of time. The amount of the pension payments will depend on the performance of the investments and the individual’s life expectancy.
Overall, a defined contribution pension scheme offers both benefits and risks to the employee. While it provides flexibility and control over their pension investments, the final pension amount is uncertain and dependent on the performance of the investments.
Final Salary Pension Scheme
A final salary pension scheme is a type of pension scheme that provides retirees with a retirement income based on their final salary and years of service with the employer. Also known as a defined benefit pension scheme, it guarantees a specific income in retirement.
In a final salary pension scheme, the employer is responsible for funding the pension scheme and managing the investment of the funds. The employee’s retirement income is calculated based on a formula that takes into account their final salary and the number of years they have contributed to the scheme.
This type of pension scheme offers a secure and predictable income in retirement, as the benefits are based on a fixed formula. However, it can be costly for employers to fund and manage, as they are responsible for ensuring the scheme has enough funds to meet its obligations to retirees.
A final salary pension scheme can provide a valuable retirement benefit to employees, as it offers a guaranteed income that is not dependent on investment returns or market fluctuations.
It is important for individuals to understand the terms and conditions of their final salary pension scheme, as well as the funding and investment arrangements, to ensure they are aware of the retirement income they can expect to receive.
Money Purchase Pension Scheme
A money purchase pension scheme is a type of pension scheme where the amount of money you receive in retirement depends on how much you and your employer have contributed, as well as how well the investments in your pension fund have performed.
In a money purchase pension scheme, you and your employer make regular contributions to your pension fund, which is then invested in a range of assets such as stocks, bonds, and property. The value of your pension fund will vary over time depending on the performance of these investments.
At retirement, the money in your pension fund is used to provide you with an income. This can be done through purchasing an annuity, which is a financial product that provides you with a regular income for the rest of your life. Alternatively, you can choose to take a lump sum from your pension fund, or a combination of a lump sum and an income.
One advantage of a money purchase pension scheme is that it gives you more flexibility and control over your retirement savings. Since the amount you receive depends on the contributions and investment returns, you have the opportunity to increase your retirement income by increasing your contributions and making smart investment decisions.
However, one of the main risks of a money purchase pension scheme is that the value of your pension fund can go down as well as up, depending on market conditions. This means that the amount of money you receive in retirement may be lower than expected if your investments perform poorly.
Overall, a money purchase pension scheme can be a good option for individuals who want more control over their retirement savings and are willing to take on the investment risk. It is important to regularly review and monitor your pension fund to ensure that it is on track to meet your retirement goals.
Self-Invested Personal Pension Scheme
A self-invested personal pension (SIPP) scheme is one of the various types of pension schemes available to individuals. This type of pension scheme provides individuals with a greater degree of control and flexibility over their pension investments.
With a SIPP, individuals can choose how their pension funds are invested from a wide range of investment options. These may include stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and even commercial property. The investment choices are typically managed by a pension provider, who will provide guidance and support to the individual.
Key Features of a SIPP Scheme
- Control: One of the main advantages of a SIPP scheme is the individual’s control over their pension investments. They can select specific investments that align with their risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment preferences.
- Flexibility: SIPPs offer flexibility in terms of contributions. Individuals can make regular contributions or make one-off lump sum payments. They can also adjust the level of contributions as their financial circumstances change.
- Tax Benefits: Like other pension schemes, SIPPs offer tax benefits. Contributions made to a SIPP qualify for tax relief, meaning individuals can contribute more to their pension pot than their actual payment. Additionally, any returns on investments held within a SIPP are tax-free, providing tax advantages in retirement.
Eligibility and Considerations
It’s important to note that not everyone is eligible to open a SIPP scheme. Eligibility requirements may vary depending on the pension provider, but typically individuals need to be over a certain age (usually 18 or 21) and earning an income. Additionally, there may be minimum contribution requirements and fees associated with setting up and managing a SIPP.
When considering a SIPP, individuals should assess their investment knowledge and comfort level with managing their pension investments. While a SIPP offers greater control and flexibility, it also requires a higher level of engagement and understanding of investment options and risks.
In conclusion, a self-invested personal pension (SIPP) scheme is a type of pension scheme that allows individuals to have more control and flexibility over their pension investments. It offers a range of investment options and tax benefits, but individuals should carefully consider their eligibility and ability to manage their investments before opting for a SIPP.
Stakeholder Pension Scheme
A stakeholder pension scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available. It is designed to provide a simple and low-cost option for individuals who may not have access to a workplace pension scheme.
The main features of a stakeholder pension scheme include:
- Accessibility: It is open to anyone, regardless of their employment status or income level. This makes it a popular choice for self-employed individuals or those who work part-time.
- Flexibility: Contributions can be made at any time and in any amount, although there are limits on the tax relief that can be claimed.
- Portability: Individuals can transfer their stakeholder pension to a different provider if they wish to do so. This allows them to shop around for the best investment options and fees.
Some of the benefits of a stakeholder pension scheme are:
- Tax Relief: Contributions made to a stakeholder pension scheme are eligible for tax relief. This means that individuals can receive a top-up on their contributions from the government.
- Low Charges: Stakeholder pension schemes are subject to a cap on charges, which is set at 1.5% for the first 10 years and 1% thereafter. This helps to keep costs low and ensures that more of the contributions go towards the pension fund.
- Income Options: When individuals reach retirement age, they have several options for accessing their pension savings. They can choose to take a tax-free lump sum, purchase an annuity, or opt for drawdown.
A stakeholder pension scheme offers a simple and affordable way for individuals to save for retirement. It provides flexibility and portability, making it a popular choice among those who may not have access to other types of pension schemes.
Group Personal Pension Scheme
A group personal pension scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available in many countries. It is designed for employees of a particular organization who want to save for their retirement.
Under a group personal pension scheme, employees can contribute a portion of their salary on a regular basis. The employer may also contribute to the scheme, either by matching the employee’s contributions or making additional contributions on their behalf.
The contributions made by both the employee and the employer are invested in a range of assets, such as stocks, bonds, and property, with the aim of growing the pension fund over time. The investment decisions are typically made by a pension provider or fund manager.
Upon retirement, the employee can choose to take their pension as either a lump sum or as regular income payments. The amount of pension income will depend on the size of the pension fund and the performance of the investments. It is important for employees to regularly review their pension investments to ensure they are on track to meet their retirement goals.
One advantage of a group personal pension scheme is that it offers a convenient way for employees to save for retirement. The contributions are deducted directly from the employee’s salary, making it easy to save consistently. The employer’s contributions can also help boost the overall value of the pension fund.
Overall, a group personal pension scheme provides employees with a valuable retirement savings tool that can help them secure their financial future.
Automatic Enrollment Pension Scheme
The Automatic Enrollment Pension Scheme is one of the various types of pension schemes available. It is designed to encourage workers to save for their retirement by automatically enrolling them into a workplace pension scheme.
Under this scheme, eligible employees are enrolled into a pension scheme by their employer, without having to make any active decision or opt-in. This approach helps to overcome the inertia and lack of awareness that may prevent individuals from saving for their future.
The automatic enrollment pension scheme operates on the principle of automatic enrollment and contributions. Once enrolled, a certain percentage of the employee’s salary is automatically deducted and contributed to the pension scheme. The employer is also required to contribute to the scheme on behalf of the employee.
This type of scheme is beneficial for both employees and employers. Employees have a retirement savings vehicle without the need for active involvement, while employers fulfill their legal obligation to provide a pension scheme for their employees. Additionally, government incentives may be available to encourage both parties to participate in the scheme.
Eligibility and Opt-Out Options
In most cases, employees are eligible for automatic enrollment if they meet specific criteria, such as being over a certain age and earning above a minimum threshold. However, eligibility criteria may vary depending on the specific rules of the scheme.
While automatic enrollment is the default, employees have the option to opt-out of the scheme. They may choose to do this if they prefer to manage their retirement savings independently or have other personal financial considerations.
Implications for Employers
Employers have important responsibilities when operating an automatic enrollment pension scheme. They must establish the scheme, automatically enroll eligible employees, and manage the deduction and contribution process. They must also ensure compliance with legal requirements, such as providing information to employees and reporting to regulatory authorities.
Overall, the automatic enrollment pension scheme is an effective way to encourage retirement savings and ensure financial security for individuals in their later years. It provides a simple and hassle-free approach to pension provision, making it accessible and beneficial to both employees and employers.
Hybrid Pension Scheme
A hybrid pension scheme is a type of retirement plan that combines elements of both defined benefit and defined contribution plans. This means that participants in the scheme enjoy the advantages of both types of pension schemes.
Defined Benefit Component
Within a hybrid pension scheme, there is a defined benefit component. This means that the employer guarantees a certain level of retirement benefit for the participants. The benefit is usually based on factors such as the length of service and the final salary. The defined benefit component provides a predictable retirement income for the participants.
Defined Contribution Component
In addition to the defined benefit component, a hybrid pension scheme also includes a defined contribution component. This means that both the employer and the employee contribute to a retirement savings account on behalf of the participant. The contributions are then invested and the final retirement benefit is dependent on the performance of these investments. The defined contribution component offers more flexibility and control for the participants over their retirement savings.
|Provides a guaranteed retirement benefit
|Can be complex to administer
|Offers flexibility and control over retirement savings
|Participants may be exposed to investment risks
|Allows for a combination of predictable income and growth potential
|Requires careful monitoring of investment performance
Overall, a hybrid pension scheme offers a unique blend of benefits from both defined benefit and defined contribution plans. It provides participants with a guaranteed retirement benefit while also giving them the opportunity to grow their retirement savings through investments.
Employers’ Pension Scheme
An employers’ pension scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available for employees. This type of scheme is offered by employers to help their employees save for retirement. It is a way for employers to provide additional financial security for their employees after they retire.
The main feature of an employers’ pension scheme is that both the employer and the employee contribute to the pension fund. The contributions made by the employer are usually a percentage of the employee’s salary, while the employee may also contribute a portion of their salary towards their pension.
Employers’ pension schemes can take different forms, such as defined benefit schemes or defined contribution schemes. In a defined benefit scheme, the pension payout is based on a pre-determined formula that takes into account factors such as the employee’s salary and length of service. In a defined contribution scheme, the pension payout depends on the amount of money contributed to the pension fund and the investment returns earned on that fund.
One advantage of an employers’ pension scheme is that the contributions made by the employer are often tax-deductible. This means that both the employer and the employee can benefit from tax advantages while saving for retirement.
Another advantage of an employers’ pension scheme is that it provides a structured way for employees to save for retirement. By automatically deducting contributions from the employee’s salary, it encourages regular and consistent saving, which can lead to a larger retirement fund in the long run.
In conclusion, an employers’ pension scheme is a valuable retirement savings option for employees. It allows employers to contribute towards their employees’ retirement fund and provides tax advantages, while also providing a structured way for employees to save for their future.
|Dependency on employer
|May restrict investment choices
|May require long-term commitment
Individual Retirement Account
An Individual Retirement Account, or IRA, is one of the different types of pension schemes available to individuals for retirement savings. It provides individuals with a way to save and invest for their retirement based on their specific goals and financial situation.
IRAs come in different forms, including traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs. The main difference between the two is how they are taxed. Contributions to traditional IRAs are tax-deductible, meaning that individuals can deduct their contributions from their taxable income. However, withdrawals from traditional IRAs are typically subject to income tax.
Roth IRAs, on the other hand, are funded with after-tax dollars, meaning that contributions are not tax-deductible. However, qualified withdrawals from Roth IRAs are tax-free, including both contributions and investment earnings. This can provide individuals with significant tax advantages during retirement.
IRAs can be self-directed, which means that individuals have control over how their funds are invested. They can choose from a wide range of investment options, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and more. This allows individuals to tailor their investment strategy to their own risk tolerance and investment goals.
In addition, IRAs have certain contribution limits and withdrawal rules that individuals must comply with. These limits and rules can vary depending on the type of IRA and the individual’s age. It is important to understand and follow these rules to ensure that individuals can maximize their retirement savings and avoid any potential penalties or tax consequences.
Overall, IRAs are a popular choice for individuals looking to save for retirement. They offer flexibility, tax advantages, and the potential for significant growth over time. Whether a traditional IRA or Roth IRA is more suitable will depend on an individual’s financial situation and retirement goals.
Simplified Employee Pension Plan
A Simplified Employee Pension Plan, or SEP, is one of the different types of pension schemes available for small business owners and self-employed individuals. It is designed to provide a simplified way for employers to contribute to their employees’ retirement savings.
Under a SEP, employers make contributions to individual retirement accounts (IRAs) for their eligible employees. The contribution limit for 2021 is the lesser of 25% of the employee’s compensation or $58,000. Contributions are tax-deductible for the employer and are not counted as taxable income for the employee until withdrawn.
Eligibility and Participation
To be eligible for a SEP, an employee must be at least 21 years old, have worked for the employer in at least three of the past five years, and have earned at least $600 in compensation. The employer can choose to include all employees or set additional criteria for participation.
Employees who are eligible can choose to participate in the SEP by opening an IRA and submitting the necessary paperwork to the employer. The employer will then make contributions to the employee’s IRA on their behalf.
A SEP offers several advantages for small business owners and self-employed individuals. It provides a tax-deductible way for employers to contribute to their employees’ retirement savings, while also allowing the business owner or self-employed individual to make contributions to their own retirement savings.
The administrative requirements for a SEP are minimal, making it an attractive option for small businesses with limited resources. Additionally, a SEP can be easily established and maintained without the need for complex paperwork or ongoing filing requirements.
- Easy to set up and maintain
- Tax-deductible contributions
- Flexible contribution limits
- No complex paperwork or ongoing filing requirements
However, it is important to note that the contributions made through a SEP are not vested immediately, which means that employees may have to wait a certain period of time before they are entitled to the full amount contributed on their behalf.
In conclusion, a Simplified Employee Pension Plan is a type of pension scheme that offers a simplified way for employers to contribute to their employees’ retirement savings. It provides tax advantages and flexibility, making it an attractive option for small business owners and self-employed individuals.
Guaranteed Minimum Pension Scheme
The Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) scheme is one of the different types of pension schemes available. It is a type of pension scheme that provides a minimum level of pension income guaranteed by the government.
The GMP scheme was introduced in the United Kingdom in the 1970s to provide a minimum level of pension income for individuals who were members of contracted-out occupational pension schemes. The government guarantees that individuals will receive a certain level of pension income, regardless of the performance of the pension fund or the financial standing of the sponsoring employer.
How does the Guaranteed Minimum Pension Scheme work?
Under the GMP scheme, individuals who have been members of contracted-out pension schemes are entitled to a guaranteed minimum level of pension income, which is calculated based on their earnings and the number of years they have been a member of the scheme.
If an individual’s pension income from the contracted-out scheme is below the guaranteed minimum level, the government tops up the pension to ensure that the individual receives the guaranteed minimum amount.
The guaranteed minimum pension income is typically payable from the state pension age until the individual’s death. It is paid on top of any other pension income the individual may receive from other pension schemes or personal savings.
Benefits of the Guaranteed Minimum Pension Scheme
The GMP scheme provides individuals with a guaranteed minimum level of pension income, ensuring that they have a basic level of financial security during retirement.
Due to the government guarantee, individuals do not need to rely solely on the performance of their pension fund or the financial stability of their employer to receive the guaranteed minimum pension income.
Moreover, the GMP scheme ensures that individuals who have been members of contracted-out pension schemes are not disadvantaged compared to those who have not been contracted out. It provides a fair and equitable pension income for all individuals, regardless of their employment history or investment choices.
|Guaranteed minimum level of pension income
|Only applicable to individuals who have been members of contracted-out pension schemes
|Financial security during retirement
|May not keep pace with inflation or increases in living costs
|Not reliant on pension fund performance or employer financial standing
|Lower pension income compared to other pension schemes
In conclusion, the Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) scheme is a type of pension scheme that provides a minimum level of pension income guaranteed by the government. It ensures individuals have a basic level of financial security during retirement, regardless of the performance of their pension fund or the financial standing of their employer.
Cash Balance Pension Scheme
A cash balance pension scheme is one of the types of pension schemes available to employees. This type of scheme combines elements of both defined benefit and defined contribution schemes.
How It Works
In a cash balance pension scheme, employers make regular contributions to an employee’s pension account. The contributions are typically based on a percentage of the employee’s salary and years of service.
The contributions made by the employer are not invested directly into individual securities or funds. Instead, they are added to the employee’s pension account and earn a specified interest rate over time.
When the employee retires, the value of their pension account is used to determine their retirement benefit. The benefit is typically paid out as a lump sum or converted into an annuity, which provides regular income payments throughout retirement.
Advantages and Disadvantages
One advantage of a cash balance pension scheme is that it offers the potential for greater retirement savings compared to a traditional defined benefit scheme. The interest earnings on the contributions can help the account grow over time.
However, one disadvantage is that the retirement benefit may be less predictable than in a defined benefit scheme. The final benefit amount will depend on factors such as the interest rate earned and the employee’s years of service.
Additionally, cash balance pension schemes may not provide the same level of retirement security as defined benefit schemes. If the investments in the pension account perform poorly, it could affect the retirement benefit amount.
A cash balance pension scheme is a unique type of pension scheme that combines features of defined benefit and defined contribution schemes. It offers the potential for greater retirement savings, but the final benefit amount may be less predictable. Employers and employees should carefully consider the advantages and disadvantages of this type of scheme before participating.
|Greater retirement savings potential
|Less predictable benefit amount
|Combines features of defined benefit and defined contribution schemes
|Potential for poor investment performance affecting benefit amount
What are the different types of pension schemes available?
There are several types of pension schemes available, including state pension schemes, occupational pension schemes, personal pension schemes, and self-invested personal pension schemes.
What is a state pension scheme?
A state pension scheme is a retirement scheme provided by the government. It provides a regular income to individuals once they reach a certain age and meet certain eligibility criteria. The amount of the pension depends on the individual’s National Insurance contributions.
What is an occupational pension scheme?
An occupational pension scheme is a retirement scheme provided by an employer. It is set up by an employer to provide retirement benefits to its employees. The contributions to this scheme are usually made by both the employer and the employee.
What is a personal pension scheme?
A personal pension scheme is a retirement scheme that is set up by an individual. It allows individuals to make their own contributions to their pension pot. The amount of the pension depends on the contributions made and the performance of the investments chosen.
What is a self-invested personal pension scheme?
A self-invested personal pension (SIPP) scheme is a type of personal pension scheme where individuals have more control over their investments. It allows individuals to choose and manage their own investments, giving them a greater degree of flexibility and potentially higher returns, but also carries more risk.
What are the different types of pension schemes available?
There are several types of pension schemes available, including state pension schemes, occupational pension schemes, and personal pension schemes.
What is a state pension scheme?
A state pension scheme is a government-provided pension scheme that provides a basic income in retirement. The eligibility and amount of the state pension vary by country.